Not to digress, or to discount your angst, but GM is aiming for all EV by then, and other manufacturers are looking likewise. The existing fleet of gasoline powered vehicles will be on the road far longer after there are none manufactured, so, I think we're going to be driving ICE vehicles for a long time. By 2040, I'll be 86, I'll be driving some from of EV, whether is's a new Chevy, or a motorized wheelchair... I converted an old mobility scooter to a "go-kart" for my grandson, his first words after a trip up an down the drive were, "How do you make it go super-fast?" There will be hot rodding in the future.