Here’s a question I can’t find in a book or online. What is the normal or acceptable turning resistance on a newly built, never ran 1953 flathead Ford motor on the bench with plugs removed? I realize valve springs and piston ring friction are the major contributors also lubricants. My cylinders are fairly dry, it takes about 500in/lbs to get her turning and 400in/lbs to keep her rotating , turning by hand with my torque wrench on the crankshaft center bolt. What is normal?